Fortress Hohensalzburg


I visited Fortress Hohensalzburg during my one-day trip to Salzburg. Fortress Hohensalzburg is a medieval fortress located on a hilltop overlooking the city of Salzburg in Austria. It is one of Europe’s largest and best-preserved castles and is a popular tourist attraction.

The fortress was initially built in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard von Helfenstein, but it was expanded and renovated several times over the centuries. In the 15th century, Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach added several towers and bastions to the castle, making it one of the most formidable fortresses in the region. During the 16th century, the fortress was used as a military barracks and prison. It was also used as a refuge for the archbishops during the war and political unrest.

One of the main things I learned during the tour was that the region of Salzburg is rich in producing salts since the area has abundant natural salts. Back in the 10th century, it was also considered a strategic area for Austria since it had the highest commodity, salt.